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Roy vs. Wade and Planned Parenthood v. In the wake of Casey’s Supreme Court uprising, Attorney General Merrick Garland said in a statement that states can not ban the abortion drug mifepristone.

“And we are ready to work with other weapons of the federal government who want to use their legitimate authorities to protect and preserve access to reproductive care,” he wrote.

“In particular, the FDA has approved the use of the drug Mifepristone. States may not ban Mifepristone on the basis of disagreement with FDA experts regarding its safety and efficacy,” Garland said.

But, what is mifepristone?

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According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), mifepristone (mifeprex) is used in combination with another drug called misoprostol to terminate an advanced pregnancy of less than 70 days.

Containers of medicines used to end an early pregnancy sitting at a table inside the Planned Parenthood clinic in Fairview Heights, October 29, 2021.

Containers of medicines used to end an early pregnancy sitting at a table inside the Planned Parenthood clinic in Fairview Heights, October 29, 2021.
(AP Photo / Jeff Roberson)

The drug blocks progesterone, a hormone needed to sustain pregnancy.

Mifeprex was first approved in 2000 and in 2016, the FDA approved a supplementary application based on data and information submitted by the pharmaceutical manufacturer.

After reviewing the application, the agency determined that mifeprex was “safe and effective when used to terminate pregnancy in accordance with revised labeling”.

Three years later, the FDA approved mifepristone tablets at 200 mg – the standard version of mifeprex.

The tablets are taken after about two days and anyone taking them should consult a doctor after one to two weeks.

In this photo illustration, a man looks at the abortion pill (RU-486) ​​for unintended pregnancy from the Mifepristone displayed on a smartphone on May 8, 2020 in Arlington, Virginia.

In this photo illustration, a man looks at the abortion pill (RU-486) ​​for unintended pregnancy from the Mifepristone displayed on a smartphone on May 8, 2020 in Arlington, Virginia.
(Photo by OLIVIER DOULIERY / AFP by Getty Images)

People who should not take this medicine include those who have ectopic pregnancy, those who have problems with adrenal glands, those who are currently undergoing treatment with chronic corticosteroid therapy, those who have bleeding problems or are taking anticoagulant, those who have prohypertensive and IUD. (Cervical device) in place.

Side effects from using Myfrex include cramps and vaginal bleeding, nausea, weakness, fever, chills, vomiting, headache, diarrhea and dizziness within the first day or two of taking the medication.

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As of June last year, there have been 26 reported deaths among women associated with mifepristone since the product was approved, including two deaths due to ectopic pregnancy and several cases of severe systemic infection.

The FDA states that “adverse events due to concomitant use of other drugs, other medical or surgical treatments, co-existing medical conditions and information gaps about the patient’s health status and clinical management can not be attributed to mifepristone.” Stated that no new security signals were detected after reviewing the adverse events.

File - Wednesday, March 16, 2022, Drug Mifepristone boxes are on the shelf at the West Alabama Women's Center in Tuscaloosa, USA.

File – Wednesday, March 16, 2022, Drug Mifepristone boxes are on the shelf at the West Alabama Women’s Center in Tuscaloosa, USA.
(AP Photo / Allen G. Breed, file)

Mifepristone is approved for abortion in France, the UK, Sweden and almost 60 other countries.

According to data from the Gutmacher Institute, an abortion-rights research organization, Drug abortion is now 54% US abortions.

The FDA says people should not buy mifeprex or generic versions on the Internet because they “bypass important defenses designed for protection” [their] Health, ”and drugs purchased from foreign Internet sources are not FDA-approved versions of the drug.

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Mifeprex must be ordered, prescribed and supervised by a qualified health care provider.

In December, the FDA lifted restrictions on access to abortion pills – allowing patients to receive them by mail.

Tablets are not available over the counter; However, in some areas a telemedicine visit is only required to obtain mifepristone and misoprostol. Telemedicine abortion access is subject to state laws.